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# Monge's Theorem Homework

Here are some questions about the lab on Monge's Theorem.
1. From Part 1: How do you construct a tangent line to a circle through a point not on the circle? In this section, you observed a mathematical fact which makes your construction work. State it explicitly.

Turn in a Sketchpad sketch of a tangent to to a circle through an external point.

2. From Part 2: How do you construct an external tangent to two circles? In this section, you observed a mathematical fact which makes your construction work. State it explicitly.

Turn in a sketch tracing m as the lines containing O1 and O2 move (see the end of Part II) and a sketch of an external tangent to two circles.

3. From Part 3: State Monge's Theorem explicitly.

Turn in your sketch of the three pairs of external tangents to three circles, illustrating Monge's Theorem, as in the spoiler.

4. From Part 4: Given two points A and A', does there exist a dilation such that A' is the image of A under dilation? If not, what are conditions for such a dilation to exist? If so, is such a dilation unique? Explain.

Given four points A, A', B, and B', does there exist a dilation such that A' is the image of A and B' is the image of B? If not, what are conditions for such a dilation to exist? Is such a dilation unique? Explain.

Turn in a sketch of dilating a polygon by marked ratio and a sketch of the composition of two dilations.

5. Based on your observations, you should see that the composition of two dilations is a third dilation. Explain why the three centers of dilation are collinear.

When are two circles related by a dilation? Is such a dilation unique? Relate this to Part II.

Combine these results to give a logical argument justifying Monge's Theorem.

6. Read the Web page http://www.geom.umn.edu/~banchoff/mongepappus/MP.html and write a paragraph about a new mathematical idea you learned here.

7. Look at the picture below of a hexagon inscribed in a circle, and certain lines associated to it. Does this remind you of Monge's Theroem. Can you conjecture a theorem about such inscribed hexagons? Support your conjecture with a sketch.

8. Describe how you might explain the straight-edge and compass construction of the tangent to a circle to your high-school students. Write a one to two page description of such a lesson. Make a web page for this lesson and include some Sketchpad pictures as illustrations for the lesson.

Prev: Dilations

Author: Evelyn Sander