The Minkowski Model of hyperbolic space is a bit different from the
other models in that it needs to be embedded in a space of
dimension one greater than its own. So, to view the 2-dimensional
case, we need to step into a 3-dimensional space. Consider the
set of points of Minkowski length *i*, with -- half a
*pseudospere*. Then , so the resulting
object is half a two-sheeted hyperboloid:

*Points* in the Minkowski model correspond to our usual notion of points on the hyperboloid.

*Lines* are the intersection of the hyperboloid with planes
passing through the origin (of 3-space, not hyperbolic space). They
appear as hyperbolae in our model. Also, they are the geodesics of the hyperboloid, so the shortest curve (with
the standard Euclidean metric) between two points on the hyperboloid
follows these lines.

*Lengths* simply correspond to the standard
definition of lengths and angles in spacetime - we integrate
the Minkowski metric along the curve.

To find the *angle* between two curves, take the normals to the
planes they lie in. Then the angle *phi* is given by the
formula:

where * represents the Minkowski dot product, and the norms are also those of a Minkowski space.

Created: Jul 15 1996 --- Last modified: Wed Aug 7 23:42:08 1996