Up: HTML2LATEX at the Geometry Center

HTML2LATEX Documentation


The Perl 5 script html2latex converts an HTML file (which may contain WebEQ applets) into a LaTeX2e file. Any WebEQ applet tags that contain WebTeX commands will be replaced with the equivalent LaTeX commands.

html2latex can also put images from the HTML file into the LaTeX file if you have an image conversion program such as ImageMagick's convert.


html2latex [options] [infile] [outfile]
html2lat [options] [infile] [outfile]
This uses the batch file html2lat.bat.

The HTML input file infile and the LaTeX output file outfile are dealt with in the following way:

[options] include one or more of

Process images into PostScript form
Don't process images (the default)
Same as -images
Same as -noimages
-home dirname
Specifies the directory where the image files reside. (The default is the current directory.)
Reads in special comments which allow the addition of LaTeX commands. There are two things that are done when this option is used:
If the ALT parameter of images contains LaTeX code, the image is replaced with the LaTeX (The other images are still processed if you use -images.) The first four characters of the ALT parameter should be \TeX followed by a space. The remaining characters in the parameter will be placed verbatim in the output LaTeX file. An example is
<IMG SRC="array.gif" ALT="\TeX $\begin{array}{cc}a&b\\c&d\end{array}$">
This option also automatically sets the -texcomments flag.
if you will be including the LaTeX output file in a larger document, you can use -noinitstring to supress the initial and final lines (for example, \begin{document} )
-f formatfile
Specifies an additional .tag file to load. This allows the user to expand html2latex to convert HTML tags that are not currently recognized.

Environment Variables

The following environment variables control the behavior of html2latex:
Gives the location of the .tag files. (Default is the directory containing html2latex.)
Points to a user-customized .tag file that will be processed after html2latex.tag. This allows users to modify the rules for converting HTML tags to LaTeX.
Points to the name of the directory where the .eps files will be stored. (Default is the current directory.)


To change the HTML file input.html to the LaTeX2e file output.tex, use the command
        html2latex input.html output.tex
If input.html contains images that you would like inserted in the output, add the -images flag:
        html2latex -images input.html output.tex
(This converts the GIF and JPEG images into PostScript files that are called by LaTeX when it processes output.tex.)

The LaTeX2e file output.tex should be converted to DVI with the command
latex2e output.

Image Conversion

html2latex uses a program you specify to convert any images linked by the HTML page into the EPS format which may by included in LaTeX files. One program that does this is "convert", part of the ImageMagick package. Whatever program you use, you will need to give the command format in the file html2latex-local.tag. Replace the existing string assigned to the variable $htmlConvert with the command you will use, leaving the strings "%in" and "%out" where the command expects the names of the input and output files, respectively.




Download html2latex from the Geometry Center html2latex download page. If you are working on a UNIX system, unpack html2latex with the command corresponding to the file you've downloaded:
        gunzip < GChtml2latex.tar.gz | tar xvf -

        uncompress < GChtml2latex.tar.Z | tar xvf -
The directory GChtml2latex will be created containing the files listed above.

On a Windows system, use WinZip or a similar program.

You will need to customize your copy by changing the variables in the file html2latex-local.tag to reflect the position of the directory in your system.

NOTE: The first line of the file html2latex must be changed to reflect the exact path of perl on your system.

Programs Used by html2latex

Known Bugs

It is likely that the output file created by html2latex will cause LaTeX errors when you try to run latex2e. Some of the more common problems that cause this are listed here:

Complicated HTML tables and WebTeX arrays may not be converted correctly. In particular, nested arrays are likely to need adjustment once they are converted to LaTeX.

There may be many other instances where you need to tweak the LaTeX output to make it acceptable for the LaTeX compiler. Sometimes html2latex will put a line break (preceded by a percent sign) in the middle of a LaTeX command, if there is no obvious place to break the line. If too many of these line breaks occur, you may reduce their likelihood by increasing the value of the variable $htmlWidth in the file html2latex-local.tag.

Frames and background images are not understood.

This program does NOT work across the network. The images must be on the system you are using to run html2latex.

It would be nice to convert a WebTeX source file directly to LaTeX. Currently, a WebTeX source file must be run through the WebEQ Wizard to create the WebEQ applets before it can be converted to LaTeX.


The Geometry Center's original version of html2latex was written by Davide Cervone. This version was developed by Jeffrey Schaefer.

Up: HTML2LATEX at the Geometry Center

Please send questions or comments about html2latex to

Jeffrey Schaefer <schaefer@geom.umn.edu>
The Geometry Center, University of Minnesota
Last modified: Wed May 6 12:45:03 1998