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An orbifold is a Hausdorff space which is locally homeomorphic at each point to , where is some finite group, perhaps different for different . The set of s.t. (in other words, points no neighborhood of which is homeomorphic to ) is called the singular locus of the orbifold .
An orbifold is called good if it has a covering which is a manifold.
The following amazing theorem is true for 2-orbifolds:
The singular locus of a 2-orbifold has only three possible types of local model:
Here is an example which shows some of the features a 2-orbifold may have: